Border Security and the New Frontier of Terrorism

In the past several years, Europe has gained notoriety as a continent facing constant fatal terror attacks. The facts paint a different story – the data concerning Europe’s history with terror attacks shows that overall casualties have been on the decline. More than 150 people died almost every year between 1970 and 1990, in contrast to less than 50 fatalities during most years from 2000 to 2015. Yet terrorism remains a pressing security issue for most European countries. These deliberate acts of violence are motivated by political aims such as left-wing and right-wing extremism, separatism, as well as jihadism. Since the turn of the millennium, jihadism and right-wing terrorism have been increasingly associated with high-fatality attacks in Europe. Ranging from 24 killed in Barcelona to 77 killed in Oslo to 137 killed in Paris, the number of high-fatality attacks motivated by those factors has been increasing in the last couple of years.