In February of 2018, Canada’s Minister of Environment and Climate Change, Catherine McKenna, introduced Bill C-69. Also known as “The Modernization of the National Energy Board and Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency”, Bill C-69, if passed would overhaul the Federal Environment Assessment, or Impact Assessment Act, and broaden the evaluation and approval process of potential energy and resources projects. This potential legislation seeks to place more emphasis on sustainability, environmental and socio-economic issues, and effects on Indigenous peoples as well as expand who is able to participate in this process. While some believe it has noble goals, others regard Bill C-69 as an attack on Canada’s energy and resources sector and anticipate detrimental effects to future investments and infrastructure projects. If Bill C-69 becomes law, what are the potential consequences, and does it deserve the controversy it has amassed?